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阴瑜伽:阴组织与阳组织(上)

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阴与阳是相对的术语。需要上下承接恰当地使用。尽管它们通常是做为名词使用,但也可以当形容词使用。在们我们体内,如果按照我们使用的位置与连接的密度而言,阳组织可以说成是我们的肌肉、血液和皮肤,而相比较而言,韧带、骨头和关节是阴。

Yin tissues and Yang Tissues
阴组织与阳组织
 

(翻译:于伽)

 

Yin and yang are relative terms and need a context to be appropriately applied. They can be used as adjectives, although they are often used as nouns. Within our bodies, if we use the context of position or density, the yang tissues could be said to be our muscles, blood, and skin compared to the yin tissues of ligaments, bones, and joints. The contexts of flexibility or heat could also be used; muscles are elastic, bones are plastic. [1] Muscles love to get hot while ligaments generally remain cool. However, we are not making an absolute definition here. In the context of water content, the muscles are yin and the ligaments are yang. Muscles love to get juicy, thus, they have lots of water in them, which is a yin quality; ligaments have less water content, which means they are relatively yang.

 

阴与阳是相对的术语。需要上下承接恰当地使用。尽管它们通常是做为名词使用,但也可以当形容词使用。在们我们体内,如果按照我们使用的位置与连接的密度而言,阳组织可以说成是我们的肌肉、血液和皮肤,而相比较而言,韧带、骨头和关节是阴。柔韧和热量可以被连接利用。肌肉是有弹性的,骨头没什么弹性。韧带通常保持冷的状态,而肌肉容易发热。然而,我们这里没有一个绝对的界定。如果按含水量而言,肌肉是阴结缔组织是阳。肌肉趋向于多汁,这样在肌肉里有很多水份,是阴的品质;韧带较少有水份,这样它相对于阳。

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Despite the context of water, there are more ways in which the muscles are yang-like relative to the ligaments than they are yin-like. This is one reason this particular style of yoga is called Yin Yoga. Yang styles of yoga generally target the muscles and employ rhythmic, repetitive movements to stress the fibers of the muscles. Being elastic and moist, the muscles appreciate this form of exercise and respond well to it. Yin tissues, however, being dryer and much less elastic, could be damaged if they were stressed in this way. Instead, the more plastic tissues appreciate and require gentler pressures, applied for longer periods of time, in order to be stimulated to grow stronger. This is why orthodontic braces must be worn for a long time, with a reasonable (and not always comfortable) amount of pressure, in order to reshape the bones of the jaw.


若不考虑到水的因素,肌肉更趋向于阳,而韧带趋向于阴。这也是这种类型的瑜伽被告称为阴瑜一个原因。阳瑜伽通常目标在于骨肉并富于韵律,重复的运动对肌肉纤维施加压力。作为有弹性和湿润的,肌肉适应这种形式的练习并能对此做出良好的反应。然而作为干脆和较少有弹性的阴组织,我们如果用这种方法可能能受伤。替代的,更多的缺泛弹性的组织欣赏和需要温和的压力,适应较长的时间,以激励不断地伸展。这就是为什么矫正牙齿需要很长时间,使用一个正确的压力(并不太舒服),来矫正牙齿。

相关热词搜索:阴瑜

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